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Hydroxamic Acid-Modified Peptide Library Provides Insights into the Molecular Basis for the Substrate Selectivity of HDAC Corepressor Complexes.

  • Archibald, Lewis J
  • Brown, Edward A
  • Millard, Christopher J
  • Watson, Peter J
  • Robertson, Naomi S
  • Wang, Siyu
  • Schwabe, John WR
  • Jamieson, Andrew G
Publication Date
Jun 16, 2022
Apollo - University of Cambridge Repository
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Targeting the lysine deacetylase activity of class I histone deacetylases (HDACs) is potentially beneficial for the treatment of several diseases including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, Alzheimer's disease, and various cancers. It is therefore important to understand the function and mechanism of action of these enzymes. Class I HDACs act as catalytic components of seven large, multiprotein corepressor complexes. Different HDAC corepressor complexes have specific, nonredundant roles in the cell. It is likely that their specific functions are at least partly influenced by the substrate specificity of the complexes. To address this, we developed chemical tools to probe the specificity of HDAC complexes. We assessed a library of acetyl-lysine-containing substrate peptides and hydroxamic acid-containing inhibitor peptides against the full range of class I HDAC corepressor complexes. The results suggest that site-specific HDAC corepressor complex activity is driven in part by the recognition of the primary amino acid sequence surrounding a particular lysine position in the histone tail.

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