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Hydrogen storage properties of Mn and Cu for Fe substitution in TiFe0.9 intermetallic compound

  • Dematteis, Erika Michela
  • Cuevas, Fermin
  • Latroche, Michel
Published Article
Publication Date
Oct 26, 2020
Submission Date
Apr 10, 2020
DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2020.156075
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The present study investigates the partial substitutions of Mn and Cu for Fe in the TiFe-system to gain better understanding of the role of elemental substitution on its hydrogen storage properties. The TiFe0.88-xMn0.02Cux (x = 0, 0.02, 0.04) compositions were studied. From X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Electron Probe Micro-Analysis (EPMA), it was found that all alloys are multi-phase, with TiFe as a major phase, together with \b{eta}-Ti and Ti4Fe2O-type as secondary precipitates, of all them containing also Mn and Cu. Increasing the Cu content augments the secondary phase amounts. Low quantity of secondary phases helps the activation of the main TiFe phase for the first hydrogen absorption, but on increasing their amounts, harsher activation occurs. Both Mn and Cu substitutions increase the cell parameter of TiFe, thus decreasing the first plateau pressure. However, Cu substitution rises the second plateau pressure revealing the predominancy of electronic effects associated to this substitution. All samples have fast kinetics and high hydrogen capacity making these substituted compounds promising for large scale stationary applications.

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