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Hydraulic stress parameters of a cased caddis larva ( Drusus biguttatus ) using spatio-temporally filtered velocity measurements

Authors
  • Vieira, Ariane
  • Kuhlmann, Hendrik C.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Hydrobiologia
Publication Date
Jul 10, 2020
Volume
847
Issue
16
Pages
3437–3451
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10750-020-04349-0
PMID: 32801389
PMCID: PMC7115936
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green
External links

Abstract

By studying hydraulic stress parameters of larvae of the cased caddisfly Drusus biguttatus (Pictet, 1834) in a tributary of the Schwarze Sulm (Carinthia, Austria), we aimed on (1) detecting the flow properties of the spatio-temporally filtered velocity measurements taken, and (2) on defining the hydraulic niche of this caddisfly larva. For this, we took 31 measurement series lasting 30 to 300 s, yielding 2176 single velocity measurements. The probability density functions of the 31 data series were Gaussian or sub-Gaussian, and the mean recurrent interval between velocity maxima within a data series was only 15.00 s. As a consequence, the Trichoptera larvae studied have to face strong flow accelerations in short intervals which is a much higher stress than conventional mean velocity measurements would suggest. The hydraulic niche of Drusus biguttatus is defined by instantaneous flow velocities ranging from 0.04 to 0.69 m s−1, by drag forces from 13 × 10−6 to 3737 × 10−6 N, by Froude numbers from 0.13 to 1.20, and mostly by Reynolds numbers > 2000. Under such conditions, only 5.1% of the drag force is compensated by submerged weight, whereas the remainder has to be counterbalanced by the active efforts of the larvae to remain attached to the substrate.

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