The brain-stem auditory evoked potential (BAEP), a sensitive test of the functional status of the neonatal brain, has not been studied in utero since no practical technique for human fetal recording is available. We have developed a simple recording technique which allows continuous monitoring of the fetal AEP during labor. Waves I, III and V of the fetal brain-stem AEP have been consistently identified. Wave form morphology, interpeak latencies, and latency-intensity relations are similar to postnatal recordings. Middle latency potentials have also been recorded, with wave forms that correspond to the neonatal middle latency AEP.