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How visually effective are animated cartograms? Potential improvements based on the example of segregation in Bogotá (1993-2005)

Authors
  • Demoraes, Florent
  • Bouquet, Mégane
  • Mericskay, Boris
Publication Date
Feb 20, 2021
Source
HAL-INRIA
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Cartograms have long been used to highlight the uneven distribution of a phenomenon over a given area. On these maps, the size of spatial units is proportional to their weight (the number of inhabitants, amount of CO2 emitted, etc.). Over the past twenty or so years, the benefits of adding movement to this type of map–mainly to assess changes over time and space–have been discussed. Several methods have been suggested for constructing animated cartograms, and efficient algorithms are now available to distort spatial units. Nevertheless, rendering a second variable on an animated cartogram remains a challenge, generally giving rather poor results. In this article we experiment with a way of improving the effectiveness of such animated cartograms, by conjointly using spatial smoothing. We demonstrate the potential of combining these two mapping techniques in animated mode to visualize changes in socio-residential segregation over time, using the example of Bogotá (Colombia) from 1993 to 2005. A French version of the paper is available <a href="https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03029241/document" target="_blank" title="ouverture d'un nouvel onglet">here</a>.

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