This study examines the effects of a superiorly placed hip center on the strength of the abductor muscles. A 3-dimensional computer model of the hip and the surrounding musculature was used to calculate the moment arms, forces, and moments generated when the hip abductor muscles are maximally activated. A representation of a hip prosthesis was implanted into the computer model with altered hip center positions and a range of prosthetic neck lengths. Analysis of these simulated hip replacements demonstrated that superolateral placement of the hip center (2 cm superior and 2 cm lateral) decreases the moment arms of the hip abductor muscles by an average of 28%. This decrease in moment arm cannot be restored by increasing prosthetic neck length, resulting in an unrecoverable loss of abduction strength with superolateral displacement. By contrast, a 2-cm superior displacement of the hip center changes the moment arms and force generating capacities of the abductors by less than 10% if prosthetic neck length is increased to compensate for decreased muscle length. The results of this study suggest that superior positioning of the hip center, without lateral placement, does not have major, adverse effects on abduction moment arms or force generating capacities when the neck length is appropriately increased.