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How does early adulthood arrest alter substance use behavior? Are there differential effects by race/ethnicity and gender?

Authors
  • Hassett-Walker, Connie1
  • Walsemann, Katrina2
  • Bell, Bethany3
  • Fisk, Calley4
  • Shadden, Mark5
  • Zhou, Weidan5
  • 1 Dept. of Criminal Justice, Kean University, 1000 Morris Avenue, Willis Hall 305, Union, NJ 07083.
  • 2 Dept. of Health Promotion, Education & Behavior, University of South Carolina, Discovery I, 915 Greene Street, Room 529, Columbia, SC 29208.
  • 3 College of Social Work, University of South Carolina, Hamilton College, 1512 Pendleton St., Columbia, SC 29208.
  • 4 PhD Candidate, Sociology, University of South Carolina, Sloan College, Room 321, 911 Pickens St., Columbia, SC 29208.
  • 5 Research & Statistical Consultant, Elite Research LLC, 9901 Valley Ranch Pkwy E., Suite 3075, Irving, TX 75063.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of developmental and life-course criminology
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2017
Volume
3
Issue
2
Pages
196–220
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s40865-017-0060-y
PMID: 29123972
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Some results, particularly transitioning into marijuana use, offer qualified support for processes proscribed through labeling theory. Findings that arrest shifts individuals into non-marijuana use suggest that factors not accounted for by labeling theory - arrest serving as a teachable moment for those using substances - may be at play.

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