Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

How Do Induced Affective States Bias Emotional Contagion to Faces? A Three-Dimensional Model.

Authors
  • Pinilla, Andrés1
  • Tamayo, Ricardo M2
  • Neira, Jorge2
  • 1 Quality and Usability Lab, Institute of Software Engineering and Theoretical Computer Science, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 2 Laboratorio de Cognición Implícita, Departamento de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia. , (Colombia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Volume
11
Pages
97–97
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00097
PMID: 32082229
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Affective states can propagate in a group of people and influence their ability to judge others' affective states. In the present paper, we present a simple mathematical model to describe this process in a three-dimensional affective space. We obtained data from 67 participants randomly assigned to two experimental groups. Participants watched either an upsetting or uplifting video previously calibrated for this goal. Immediately, participants reported their baseline subjective affect in three dimensions: (1) positivity, (2) negativity, and (3) arousal. In a second phase, participants rated the affect they subjectively judged from 10 target angry faces and ten target happy faces in the same three-dimensional scales. These judgments were used as an index of participant's affective state after observing the faces. Participants' affective responses were subsequently mapped onto a simple three-dimensional model of emotional contagion, in which the shortest distance between the baseline self-reported affect and the target judgment was calculated. The results display a double dissociation: negatively induced participants show more emotional contagion to angry than happy faces, while positively induced participants show more emotional contagion to happy than angry faces. In sum, emotional contagion exerted by the videos selectively affected judgments of the affective state of others' faces. We discuss the directionality of emotional contagion to faces, considering whether negative emotions are more easily propagated than positive ones. Additionally, we comment on the lack of significant correlations between our model and standardized tests of empathy and emotional contagion. Copyright © 2020 Pinilla, Tamayo and Neira.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times