Affordable Access

How Deep Learning Can Drive Physical Synthesis Towards More Predictable Legalization

  • Netto, Renan
  • Fabre, Sheiny
  • Fontana, Tiago
  • Livramento, Vinicius
  • Lima Pilla, Laércio
  • Güntzel, José
Publication Date
Apr 14, 2019
External links


Machine learning has been used to improve the predictability of different physical design problems, such as timing, clock tree synthesis and routing, but not for legalization. Predicting the outcome of legalization can be helpful to guide incremental placement and circuit partitioning, speeding up those algorithms. In this work we extract histograms of features and snapshots of the circuit from several regions in a way that the model can be trained independently from region size. Then, we evaluate how traditional and convo-lutional deep learning models use this set of features to predict the quality of a legalization algorithm without having to executing it. When evaluating the models with holdout cross validation, the best model achieves an accuracy of 80% and an F-score of at least 0.7. Finally, we used the best model to prune partitions with large displacement in a circuit partitioning strategy. Experimental results in circuits (with up to millions of cells) showed that the pruning strategy improved the maximum displacement of the legalized solution by 5% to 94%. In addition, using the machine learning model avoided from 22% to 99% of the calls to the legalization algorithm, which speeds up the pruning process by up to 3×.

Report this publication


Seen <100 times