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How the COVID-19 pandemic highlights the necessity of animal research.

Authors
  • Genzel, Lisa1
  • Adan, Roger2
  • Berns, Anton3
  • van den Beucken, Jeroen4
  • Blokland, Arjan5
  • Boddeke, Erik H W G M6
  • Bogers, Willy M7
  • Bontrop, Ronald7
  • Bulthuis, R8
  • Bousema, Teun4
  • Clevers, Hans9
  • Coenen, Tineke C J J10
  • Dam, Anne-Marie van11
  • Deen, Peter M T12
  • van Dijk, K W10
  • Eggen, Bart J L6
  • Elgersma, Ype13
  • Erdogan, Izel4
  • Englitz, Bernard12
  • Fentener van Vlissingen, J Martje13
  • And 62 more
  • 1 Radboud University, 6525 XZ Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Netherlands)
  • 2 University Medical Center, Utrecht Brain Center, Utrecht University, 3584 CG Utrecht, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 3 Netherlands Cancer Institute, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 4 Radboud University Medical Center, 6525 GA Nijmegen, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 5 Maastricht University, 6211 LK Maastricht, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 6 University of Groningen, 9712 CP Groningen, The Netherlands; University of Groningen, University Medical Center, 9713 GZ Groningen, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 7 Biomedical Primate Research Center, 2288 GJ Rijswijk, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 8 Metris BV, 2132 NG Hoofddorp, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 9 University Medical Center, 3584 CX Utrecht, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 10 Leiden University Medical Center, 2333 ZA Leiden, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 11 Amsterdam University Medical Centers, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 12 Radboud University, 6525 XZ Nijmegen, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 13 Erasmus University Medical Center, 3015 GD Rotterdam, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 14 Amsterdam University Medical Centers, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1105 BA Amsterdam, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 15 Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, University of Amsterdam, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 16 Charles River, 5231 DD Den Bosch, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 17 Netherlands Cancer Institute, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Oncode Institute, 3521 AL Utrecht, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 18 Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1105 BA Amsterdam, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 19 University of Groningen, University Medical Center, 9713 GZ Groningen, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 20 University of Groningen, 9712 CP Groningen, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 21 Wageningen University, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 22 Biomedical Primate Research Center, 2288 GJ Rijswijk, The Netherlands; Utrecht University, 3512 JE Utrecht, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 23 Utrecht University, 3512 JE Utrecht, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 24 Radboud University Medical Center, 6525 GA Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Life and Medical Sciences Institute, University of Bonn, 53115 Bonn, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 25 Wageningen University, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands; Netherlands Institute of Ecology, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 26 Viroclinics Xplore, 5374 RE Schaijk, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 27 Wageningen University, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands; Wageningen Bioveterinary Research, 8221 RA Lelystad, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 28 Erasmus University Medical Center, 3015 GD Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1105 BA Amsterdam, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 29 Radboud University Medical Center, 6525 GA Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Netherlands)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Current biology : CB
Publication Date
Sep 21, 2020
Volume
30
Issue
18
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2020.08.030
PMID: 32961149
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Recently, a petition was offered to the European Commission calling for an immediate ban on animal testing. Although a Europe-wide moratorium on the use of animals in science is not yet possible, there has been a push by the non-scientific community and politicians for a rapid transition to animal-free innovations. Although there are benefits for both animal welfare and researchers, advances on alternative methods have not progressed enough to be able to replace animal research in the foreseeable future. This trend has led first and foremost to a substantial increase in the administrative burden and hurdles required to make timely advances in research and treatments for human and animal diseases. The current COVID-19 pandemic clearly highlights how much we actually rely on animal research. COVID-19 affects several organs and systems, and the various animal-free alternatives currently available do not come close to this complexity. In this Essay, we therefore argue that the use of animals is essential for the advancement of human and veterinary health. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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