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Household crowding, social mixing patterns and respiratory symptoms in seven countries of the African meningitis belt.

Authors
  • Ferraro, Claire F1
  • Trotter, Caroline L2
  • Nascimento, Maria C1
  • Jusot, Jean-François3
  • Omotara, Babatunji A4
  • Hodgson, Abraham5
  • Ali, Oumer6
  • Alavo, Serge7
  • Sow, Samba8
  • Daugla, Doumagoum Moto9
  • Stuart, James M1
  • 1 Department of Infectious & Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom. , (United Kingdom)
  • 2 Disease Dynamics Unit, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom. , (United Kingdom)
  • 3 Unité d'Epidémiologie, Centre de Recherches Médicales et Sanitaires (CERMES), Niamey, Niger. , (Niger)
  • 4 Department of Community Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria. , (Niger)
  • 5 Navrongo Health Research Centre, Navrongo, Ghana; Research and Development Division, Ghana Health Service, Ghana. , (Ghana)
  • 6 Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. , (Ethiopia)
  • 7 L'institut de recherche pour le développement, Dakar, Senegal. , (Senegal)
  • 8 Center for Vaccine Development-Mali (CVD-MALI), Bamako, Mali. , (Mali)
  • 9 Centre de Support en Santé Internationale (CSSI), Ndjamena, Chad. , (Chad)
Type
Published Article
Journal
PLoS ONE
Publisher
Public Library of Science
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2014
Volume
9
Issue
7
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0101129
PMID: 24988195
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

There are substantial variations in household crowding and social mixing patterns across the African meningitis belt. This study finds a clear association between age, increased social mixing and respiratory symptoms. It lays the foundation for designing and implementing more detailed studies of social contact patterns in this region.

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