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Hot carrier dynamics in perovskite nanocrystal solids: role of the cold carriers, nanoconfinement and the surface

Authors
  • Hopper, TR
  • Gorodetsky, A
  • Jeong, A
  • Krieg, F
  • Bodnarchuk, MI
  • Maimaris, M
  • Chaplain, M
  • Macdonald, TJ
  • Huang, X
  • Lovrincic, R
  • Kovalenko, MV
  • Bakulin, AA
Publication Date
Mar 05, 2020
Source
Spiral - Imperial College Digital Repository
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Carrier cooling is of widespread interest in the field of semiconductor science. It is linked to carrier-carrier and carrier-phonon coupling, and has profound implications for the photovoltaic performance of materials. Recent transient optical studies have shown that a high carrier density in lead-halide perovskites (LHPs) can reduce the cooling rate through a “phonon bottleneck”. However, the role of carrier-carrier interactions, and the material properties that control cooling in LHPs, are still disputed. To address these factors, we utilize ultrafast “pump-push-probe” spectroscopy on LHP nanocrystal (NC) films. We find that the addition of cold carriers to LHP NCs increases the cooling rate, competing with the phonon bottleneck. By comparing different NCs and bulk samples, we deduce that the cooling behavior is intrinsic to the LHP composition, and independent of the NC size or surface. This can be contrasted with other colloidal nanomaterials, where confinement and trapping considerably influence the cooling dynamics.

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