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Hostility of proximal aortic neck anatomy in relation to abdominal aortic aneurysm size and its impact on the outcome of endovascular repair with the new generation endografts.

Authors
  • Karathanos, Christos1
  • Spanos, Konstantinos2
  • Kouvelos, George2
  • Athanasoulas, Athanasios2
  • Koutsias, Stylianos2
  • Matsagkas, Miltiadis2
  • Giannoukas, Athanasios D2
  • 1 Department of Vascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University Hospital of Larissa, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece - [email protected] , (Greece)
  • 2 Department of Vascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University Hospital of Larissa, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece. , (Greece)
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of cardiovascular surgery
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2020
Volume
61
Issue
1
Pages
60–66
Identifiers
DOI: 10.23736/S0021-9509.18.10001-2
PMID: 29327561
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To assess the relation of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) diameter with the proximal neck anatomy (PNA) hostility and to evaluate its impact on the endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) outcomes with the use of newer generation endografts. Retrospective analysis of single institution's recorded data from February 2009 to April 2016. Patients' characteristics, comorbidities, aortic morphology, perioperative characteristics and outcomes were analyzed. In relation to AAA diameter 2 groups were identified: group A (50-55 mm) and group B (>55 mm). Hostile PNA was defined based on: neck diameter >28 mm, length <15 mm, angulation >60o, and circumferential thrombus and/or calcification >50%. The aortic neck scoring system was calculated. Multiple logistic regression analysis with a forward likelihood ratio method adjusted for age and gender was undertaken. Three hundred seventeen patients (96% males, mean age 72.4±9 years, 80% elective) were follow-up for a mean of 23.4 months (range, 3-86 months). No differences were observed in demographics and co-morbidities between the two groups (group A: 134, 42% vs. group B: 183, 58%). Hostile PNA was present in 147/317 (46%) patients and significantly more likely to be present in group B (P<0.001). In group B the aortic neck score was higher (P<0.001), the likelihood for having hostile PNA increased for neck diameter by 2.2-fold (OR 2.2, P=0.013, 95% CI: 1.18-4.03), length by 2.3-fold (OR 2.3, P=0.012, 95% CI: 1.20-4.51), angle by 4.8-fold (OR 4.8, P=0.002, 95% CI: 1.79-13.24) and presence of thrombus by 1.5-fold (OR 1.5, P=0.037, 95% CI: 1.45-10.34). No association existed for neck calcification (P=0.071). Technical success, adjunctive procedures, perioperative characteristics and outcomes were comparable in friendly and hostile PNAs. PNA hostility is more likely in AAA with diameter >55 mm but with the use of newer generation endografts this did not influence the short- and mid-term EVAR outcomes. Longer follow-up is needed for a more definite conclusion.

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