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Host status and susceptibility of Cannabis sativa cultivars to root-knot nematodes

Authors
  • Coburn, J.
  • Desaeger, J.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Nematology
Publisher
Sciendo
Publication Date
Mar 14, 2024
Volume
56
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2478/jofnem-2024-0003
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Research Paper
License
Green

Abstract

Root-knot nematode host status of hemp cultivars of different uses (fiber, dual, CBD/CBG) and from different regions (Europe, China, US) were evaluated in five different greenhouse trials. None of the tested cultivars showed resistance to any of the tested root-knot nematode species, and all tested hemp cultivars were good hosts for root-knot nematodes, especially to mixed populations of M. javanica and M. incognita. Root gall symptoms on hemp were less severe than on cucumber (and tomato), but reproduction rates were similar. Lower infection and reproduction rates were noted for M. hapla and M. enterolobii, which were probably due to the colder temperatures at the time of the trial, as the same effect was noted for the cucumber control plants. While no negative impact on hemp shoot growth was seen in trials where nematodes were added to pasteurized soil, a significant and visible negative effect on hemp growth was noted when two CBG hemp cultivars were planted in heavily naturally root-knot infested soil. This result indicates that hemp is not only a good host to root-knot nematodes, but also that root-knot can be a limiting factor for hemp production in Florida and other places with high abundance and pressure of root-knot nematodes.

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