Replication of the genome of hepatitis delta virus (HDV) requires RNA-directed RNA synthesis using a host polymerase(s). This manuscript reviews the relevant published evidence. It also provides two new studies, both of which made use of transiently transfected Huh7 cells undergoing HDV RNA-directed RNA synthesis. For the first study, RNA transcription inhibitors were added to the transfected cells for periods of 1 to 2 days, after which assays of the effects on the accumulation of processed unit-length genomic HDV RNA were performed. For the second study, nuclei were isolated at 6 days after transfection, and then in vitro runoff transcription was used to assay the effects of RNA transcription inhibitors. Overall, the data support the interpretation that HDV transcription does not require host polymerase I or III (pol I or III) but at least primarily involves an enzyme resembling pol II.