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Hopelessness -- novel facet of the metabolic syndrome in men.

Authors
  • Valtonen, Maarit
  • Laaksonen, David E
  • Tolmunen, Tommi
  • Nyyssönen, Kristiina
  • Viinamäki, Heimo
  • Kauhanen, Jussi
  • Niskanen, Leo
Type
Published Article
Journal
Scandinavian journal of public health
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2008
Volume
36
Issue
8
Pages
795–802
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1403494808094918
PMID: 19004897
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Hopelessness was strongly associated with the metabolic syndrome in these middle-aged men, independent of other depressive symptoms and traditional cardiovascular risk factors. These findings suggest that hopelessness is very closely related to the metabolic syndrome. Therefore lifestyle management of the metabolic syndrome should also take into account patients' expectations more thoroughly than hitherto acknowledged.

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