Gelatinous drop-like corneal dystrophy (GDLD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized clinically by grayish corneal deposits of amyloid and by severely impaired visual acuity. Most patients require corneal transplantation. To localize a gene responsible for GDLD, we performed linkage analysis of 10 consanguineous Japanese families with a total of 13 affected members. Homozygosity mapping provided a maximum LOD score of 9.80 at the D1S2741 marker locus on the short arm of chromosome 1. Haplotype analysis further defined the disease locus within a region of approximately 2.6 cM between D1S2890 and D1S2801.