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The Holocene Environmental Evolution of the Inner Hangzhou Bay and Its Significance

Authors
  • Liu, Yan1
  • Ma, Chunyan1
  • Fan, Daidu2
  • Sun, Qianli1
  • Chen, Jing1
  • Li, Maotian1
  • Chen, Zhongyuan1
  • 1 East China Normal University, State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, Shanghai, 200062, China , Shanghai (China)
  • 2 Tongji University, State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Shanghai, 200092, China , Shanghai (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Ocean University of China
Publisher
Science Press
Publication Date
Nov 09, 2018
Volume
17
Issue
6
Pages
1301–1308
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11802-018-3562-2
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

The Holocene environmental evolution in coastal area, including deltas and estuaries, is vital to the Neolithic colonization in the eastern China. A 29-m long sediment core XL was obtained from the region between the Taihu Lake and Qiantang Estuary, and multiple analyses on the core sediments have been done to investigate the evolution history of the inner coastal zone of Hangzhou Bay during the Holocene. Six sedimentary facies are identified since the late Pleistocene, including the paleosol at the bottom, overlain by tidal-flat-channel complex (TFC), tidal-distributary-channel (TDC), inner estuarine basin (IEB), subtidal-to-intertidal-flat, and fluvial-plain facies. The TFC and TDC facies are dated to be formed before 8500 cal yr BP, featured by relatively coarse sediments, high magnetic properties and less abundant foraminifera, denoting the tide-influenced setting with large terrestrial inputs. The IEB facies characterized by the most abundant foraminifera fossils and the lowest sediment magnetic properties, is inferred to be deposited during the maximum flooding period between 8500 and 7900 cal yr BP. The branch estuary was then infilled by local sediments with a shallowing-upward subtidal-to-intertidal sequence during 7900–4300 cal yr BP. At last the fluvial plain system developed since no later than 4300 cal yr BP, favouring the rapid development of Neolithic cultures in the region.

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