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Hodgkin`s Lymphoma Presenting as Dominant Gastric Lesion in Immunocompetent Patients: Report of 5 Cases With EBV Analysis

Authors
  • GUALCO, Gabriela
  • ORTEGA, Virginia
  • CHIOATO, Lucimara
  • MUSTO, Maria L.
  • BACCHI, Livia M.
  • WEISS, Lawrence M.
  • BACCHI, Carlos E.
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2011
Source
Biblioteca Digital da Produção Intelectual da Universidade de São Paulo (BDPI USP)
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

Primary Hodgkin`s lymphoma (HL) of the stomach is an extremely rare entity. Most cases of gastric involvement by HL are observed in the setting of disseminated disease. The nonspecific nature of the symptoms and endoscopic findings, which include a large malignant-looking ulcer and mass or wall thickening, together with the considerable histological overlap between HLs and some non-HLs or undifferentiated carcinoma, make the surgical resection diagnosis extremely difficult. An accurate diagnosis is important as treatment and outcome differ significantly for these neoplasms. In small endoscopic gastric biopsies and even in postoperative specimens, the precise histological diagnosis of HL is particularly challenging. Here, the authors report 5 cases of 2 women and 3 men aged 22 to 68, with gastric involvement by classic HLs-3 primary gastric HLs and 2 as part of widespread disease. All 5 patients presented with digestive symptoms. At endoscopy, the lesions presented as ulcerated and elevated lesions, with or without mucosal thickening. Four patients were misdiagnosed in the preoperative biopsy or in the gastrectomy specimen. Association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was detected in 4 cases, with a predominance of subtype A EBV. These cases illustrate the significant difficulties, both clinical and pathological, in achieving the diagnosis of HL involving the stomach in immunocompetent patients.

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