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Hochuekkito, a Kampo (traditional Japanese herbal) Medicine, Enhances Mucosal IgA Antibody Response in Mice Immunized with Antigen-entrapped Biodegradable Microparticles.

Authors
  • Matsumoto, Tsukasa1
  • Noguchi, Masaaki
  • Hayashi, Osamu
  • Makino, Kimiko
  • Yamada, Haruki
  • 1 Kitasato Institute for Life Sciences & Graduate School of Infection Control Sciences, Kitasato University, Tokyo 108-8641, Oriental Medicine Research Center, The Kitasato Institute, Tokyo 108-8642, Department of Health and Nutrition, Kagawa Nutrition University, Saitama 350-0288 and Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokyo University of Science, Chiba 278-8510, Japan.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Publisher
Hindawi Limited
Publication Date
March 2010
Volume
7
Issue
1
Pages
69–77
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1093/ecam/nem166
PMID: 18955273
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

The effect of oral administration of Hochuekkito (HET; Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang in Chinese), a traditional Japanese herbal medicine, on mucosal IgA immune response was investigated. To induce the antigen-specific antibodies in mucosal site, ovalbumin (OVA)-entrapped biodegradable microparticles (OVA-microparticles) were used as an antigen. Mice were orally immunized with OVA-microparticles for 3 successive days with intragastric gavage. From 7 days after the onset of immunization, the mice were boosted twice a week with the same antigen for 2 weeks. HET or water alone was orally administered to the mice via the intragastric route from 7 days before to 27 days after the onset of immunization. Although no significant change in total secretory IgA antibody level was observed in intestinal and nasal washes, OVA-specific IgA titers in intestinal washes were significantly enhanced by oral administration of HET. When lymphocytes from spleen, peripheral blood and Payer's patches were investigated for cytokines production, it was found that the IFN-γ secretion from the lymphocytes was increased by the administration of HET. Microarray analysis of Peyer's patch cells revealed enhanced expression of L-selectin gene. The increase of L-selectin positive cells in B lymphocytes fraction was observed in Peyer's patch cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells by flow cytometry. These results suggest that the enhanced IFN-γ secretion and increased population of L-selectin positive B lymphocytes by orally administered HET may partly contribute to enhancement of IgA immune response against intestinal antigens, and orally administered HET may strengthen defensive systems against various pathogens and food antigens in intestine.

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