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HMGA2 promotes breast cancer metastasis by modulating Hippo-YAP signaling pathway.

Authors
  • Xu, Jianxin1
  • Fang, Xuejiao1
  • Long, Luye1
  • Wang, Sixuan1
  • Qian, Shihan1
  • Lyu, Jianxin1
  • 1 Key Laboratory of Laboratory Medicine, Ministry of Education of China, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics, School of Laboratory Medicine and Life Sciences, Wenzhou Medical University , Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China. , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cancer Biology & Therapy
Publisher
Landes Bioscience
Publication Date
Jan 02, 2021
Volume
22
Issue
1
Pages
5–11
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/15384047.2020.1832429
PMID: 33307962
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) accounts for about 15-20% of all breast cancer. High mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) is overexpressed in some tumors and closely associated with patients' prognosis. However, the mechanisms involved in the regulation of HMGA2 in TNBC still remain unclear. In this study, HMGA2 level in TNBC cell lines was analyzed by western blot. After knockdown of HMGA2 expression by RNA interference in TNBC cell lines MDA-MB-231 and SUM149, wound healing and transwell assays were conducted to examine the effects of HMGA2 on migration and invasion. Tumor metastasis was assessed in amouse xenograft model invivo. Furthermore, expression levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) biomarkers and involvement of the Hippo-YAP pathway were detected by western blot. Compared to normal breast epithelial cells, the expression levels of HMGA2 were significantly increased in TNBC cell lines (all P< .05). Downregulation of HMGA2 dramatically inhibited the migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 and SUM149 cells (all P< .01) invitro, and suppressed the tumor metastasis of nude mice xenograft model invivo. Western blot analysis revealed alterations in EMT biomarkers: the expression of mesenchymal markers N-cadherin, Vimentin and Snail were decreased, while the expression of epithelial marker E-cadherin was increased. Downregulated expression of HMGA2 attenuated Hippo-YAP related protein expression and the stability of YAP. HMGA2 is highly expressed in TNBC cells. Downregulation of HMGA2 inhibits the migration and invasion of TNBC and invivo tumor metastasis mediated through inhibition of EMT and Hippo-YAP pathway.

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