Affordable Access

Access to the full text

HIV screening among newly diagnosed TB patients: a cross sectional study in Lima, Peru

  • Ramírez, Suzanne1
  • Mejía, Fernando2, 3
  • Rojas, Marlene4
  • Seas, Carlos1, 2, 3
  • Van der Stuyft, Patrick5
  • Gotuzzo, Eduardo1, 2
  • Otero, Larissa1, 2
  • 1 Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Facultad de Medicina Alberto Hurtado, Av. Honorio Delgado 430, San Martín de Porres, Lima, 31, Peru , Lima (Peru)
  • 2 Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Instituto de Medicina Tropical Alexander von Humboldt, Av. Honorio Delgado 430, San Martín de Porres, Lima, 31, Peru , Lima (Peru)
  • 3 Hospital Cayetano Heredia, Ministry of Health, Av. Honorio Delgado 262, San Martín de Porres, Lima, 31, Peru , Lima (Peru)
  • 4 Ministry of Health, Av. Salaverry 801, Jesús María, Lima, 15072, Peru , Lima (Peru)
  • 5 Ghent University, Department of Public Health, De Pintelaan 185, Ghent, 9000, Belgium , Ghent (Belgium)
Published Article
BMC Infectious Diseases
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Mar 20, 2018
DOI: 10.1186/s12879-018-3037-5
Springer Nature


BackgroundSince 2006, the Peruvian National TB program (NTP) recommends voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) for all tuberculosis (TB) patients. Responding to the differential burden of both diseases in Peru, TB is managed in peripheral health facilities while HIV is managed in referral centers. This study aims to determine the coverage of HIV screening among TB patients and the characteristics of persons not screened.MethodsFrom March 2010 to December 2011 we enrolled new smear-positive pulmonary TB adults in 34 health facilities in a district in Lima. NTP staff offered VCT to all TB patients. Patients with an HIV positive result were referred for confirmation tests and management. We interviewed patients to collect their demographic and clinical characteristics and registered if patients opted in or out of the screening.ResultsOf the 1295 enrolled TB patients, nine had a known HIV diagnosis. Of the remaining, 76.1% (979) were screened for HIV. Among the 23.9% (307) not screened, 38.4% (118) opted out of the screening. TB patients at one of the health care facilities of the higher areas of the district (OR = 3.38, CI 95% 2.17–5.28 for the highest area and OR = 2.82, CI 95% 1.78–4.49 for the high area) as well as those reporting illegal drug consumption (OR = 1.65, CI 95% 1.15–2.37) were more likely not to be screened. Twenty-four were HIV positive (1.9% of all patients 1295, or 2.4% of those screened). Of 15 patients diagnosed with HIV during the TB episode, ten were enrolled in an HIV program. The median time between the result of the HIV screening and the first consultation at the HIV program was 82 days (IQR, 32–414). The median time between the result of the HIV screening and antiretroviral initiation was 148.5 days (IQR 32–500).ConclusionsAn acceptable proportion of TB patients were screened for HIV in Lima. Referral systems of HIV positive patients should be strengthened for timely ART initiation.

Report this publication


Seen <100 times