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HIV Prevalence and Factors Related to HIV Infection Among Transgender Women in Vietnam: A Respondent Driven Sampling Approach.

Authors
  • Vi, Vu Thi Tuong1
  • Long, Khuong Quynh2, 3
  • Hong, Le Huynh Thi Cam1
  • Anh, Hoang Thi Ngoc4
  • Ngoc, Nguyen Viet5
  • Tam, Vo Van6
  • Lai, Nguyen Ly7
  • Hanh, Hoang Hong4
  • Phuong, Tran Van Anh8
  • Trang, Nguyen Nguyen Nhu8
  • Dung, Do Van1, 6
  • 1 Vietnam HIV Addiction Technology Transfer Center - University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, 217 Hong Bang Street, Ward 11, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
  • 2 Vietnam HIV Addiction Technology Transfer Center - University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, 217 Hong Bang Street, Ward 11, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. [email protected]
  • 3 Hanoi University of Public Health, 1A Duc Thang Road, Duc Thang Ward, North Tu Liem District, Hanoi, Vietnam. [email protected]
  • 4 Hanoi University of Public Health, 1A Duc Thang Road, Duc Thang Ward, North Tu Liem District, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • 5 Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
  • 6 Faculty of Public Health, University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
  • 7 Health Advancement in Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
  • 8 Centre for Promotion of Quality of Life (LIFE Centre), Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Type
Published Article
Journal
AIDS and Behavior
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2020
Volume
24
Issue
11
Pages
3132–3141
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10461-020-02867-5
PMID: 32297068
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Transgender women are at higher risk of HIV infection, however, there is a lack of information about HIV infection and related factors among transgender women in Vietnam. From February 2018 to June 2018, 456 transgender women were recruited in the study using Respondent-Driven Sampling technique. Participants completed the computer-based questionnaire and were tested for HIV serostatus. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify factors related to HIV infection. The prevalence of HIV infection was 77 (16.5%), of which 19 (24.7%) were not aware of their HIV-positive status prior to the study. Factors associated with HIV infection included popper use (aOR 2.01, p = 0.044) and having regular male partner(s) (aOR 0.42, p = 0.006). More efforts are needed to reduce the high prevalence of HIV infection, such as expanding the reach of HIV screening and prevention programs to the transgender women population, particularly for substance users.

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