The evolution of man and nature relationship during human history has allowed human beings to be sheltered from the threats of their natural environments and has permitted them to exercise their powers there but has against part the breakdown of this relationship because of the excessive exploitation of natural resources, discharges and waste that cause nature pollution. This rupture caused climate change due to the evolution of the production model from the primitive model to the capitalist model. The objective of this paper is to shed light on the evolution of the relationship between human beings and their natural environment and the awareness of the climate change problem. This research allows appreciating and comparing the effectiveness of the resolutions that can help researchers understanding the climate change context, serve as a springboard for empirical studies, and represent a decision tool for policymakers. To this end, we use a knowledge synthesis methodology to make an inventory of our research problem.