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Histopathological Findings of Uncomplicated Hair Transplant for Male Androgenetic Alopecia: Can Lichen Planopilaris Features Be Present?

Authors
  • Alcântara, Andressa Silva
  • Donati, Aline
  • Suárez, Maria Victoria
  • Pereira, Ivan José Netto
  • Valente, Neusa Yuriko Sakai
  • Michalany, Nilceo Schwery
  • Horta de Lima Jr., Cristiano Luiz
  • Contin, Leticia Arsie
Type
Published Article
Journal
Skin Appendage Disorders
Publisher
S. Karger AG
Publication Date
Jun 24, 2020
Volume
6
Issue
4
Pages
224–228
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1159/000508689
Source
Karger
Keywords
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Introduction: Insufficient hair growth after hair transplant, as well as erythema and perifollicular scaling, may be diagnosed as lichen planopilaris and treated as such based on clinical and histopathological findings. The purpose of this study is to observe graft biopsies of patients after uncomplicated hair transplants and to discuss if histological findings are enough to diagnose lichen planopilaris. Methods and Results: Eight patients diagnosed with androgenetic alopecia who were submitted to hair transplant were enrolled. In each of the participants, a scalp biopsy was performed in the receptor area and in the adjacent area. Biopsies were performed between 6 months and 1 year after surgery. Exams were analyzed by 3 pathologists. The t test was performed for paired observations, comparing the transplanted and the nontransplanted area for lymphocytic infiltrate and fibrosis. The significance level was considered as 5% (p < 0.05). Four of 8 participants had perifollicular lymphocytic infiltrate, from moderate to dense intensity in the recipient area. Fibrosis was seen in 6 patients. These findings were not seen in the control area. Conclusions: It is questioned whether lymphocytic infiltrate and fibrosis may be expected in patients who are submitted to normal hair transplants.

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