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Histone Deacetylase-6 Modulates the Effects of 4oC Platelets on Vascular Endothelial Permeability

  • Miyazawa, Byron Y
  • Trivedi, Alpa
  • Vivona, Lindsay
  • Lin, Maximillian
  • Potter, Daniel
  • Nair, Alison
  • Barry, Mark
  • Cap, Andrew P
  • Pati, Shibani
Publication Date
Apr 11, 2023
eScholarship - University of California
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Platelets (PLTs) stored at 4°C exhibit equivalent or superior hemostatic function compared with 22°C PLTs, but have shorter circulation times and a decreased ability to modulate vascular permeability. These differences may be due to morphological changes and storage-induced activation. Using a proteomics-based approach, we found that 4°C-stored PLTs express decreased α-tubulin, a key PLT structural protein. PLT activation is characterized by α-tubulin deacetylation, which is regulated by histone deacetylase-6 (HDAC-6). We hypothesized that inhibition of HDAC-6 in stored PLTs will improve their ability to regulate vascular permeability through reduced activation and α-tubulin deacetylation. In an in vivo model of vascular permeability, treatment of 4°C PLTs with the HDAC-6 inhibitor tubacin enhanced the vasculoprotective properties of untreated 4°C PLTs. 4°C PLT circulation, however, was unchanged by tubacin treatment, suggesting that circulation time may not be a critical factor in determining the vasculoprotective effects of PLTs. Assessing the factor content of stored PLTs revealed that angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) increased in 4°C PLTs over time, which was further enhanced by tubacin treatment. In addition, angiopoietin-2, an inducer of vascular leak and antagonist of Ang-1, inhibited PLT barrier protection, suggesting involvement of the Tie-2 pathway. This study demonstrates that HDAC-6 inhibition with tubacin attenuates the diminished vasculo-protective properties of 4°C PLTs, and these properties may be independent of PLT circulation time.

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