Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

HIIT the Road Jack: An Exploratory Study on the Effects of an Acute Bout of Cardiovascular High-Intensity Interval Training on Piano Learning

Authors
  • Swarbrick, Dana1, 2, 3, 4
  • Kiss, Alex5
  • Trehub, Sandra6
  • Tremblay, Luc7
  • Alter, David8, 9, 10, 11
  • Chen, Joyce L.1, 2, 3, 7
  • 1 Rehabilitation Sciences Institute, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON , (Canada)
  • 2 Heart and Stroke Foundation Canadian Partnership for Stroke Recovery, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, ON , (Canada)
  • 3 Hurvitz Brain Sciences Program, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, ON , (Canada)
  • 4 RITMO Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies in Rhythm, Time and Motion, Department of Musicology, University of Oslo, Oslo , (Norway)
  • 5 Department of Research Design and Biostatistics, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, ON , (Canada)
  • 6 Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga, Mississauga, ON , (Canada)
  • 7 Centre for Motor Control, Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON , (Canada)
  • 8 Department of Medicine, University Health Network, Toronto, ON , (Canada)
  • 9 Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation (IHPME), University of Toronto, Toronto, ON , (Canada)
  • 10 Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON , (Canada)
  • 11 Cardiac Rehabilitation and Secondary Prevention Program, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, ON , (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
Sep 10, 2020
Volume
11
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.02154
PMID: 33013550
PMCID: PMC7511539
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Pairing high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with motor skill acquisition may improve learning of some implicit motor sequences (albeit with some variability), but it is unclear if HIIT enhances explicit learning of motor sequences. We asked whether a single bout of HIIT after non-musicians learned to play a piano melody promoted better retention of the melody than low-intensity interval training (LIIT). Further, we investigated whether HIIT facilitated transfer of learning to a new melody. We generated individualized exercise protocols by having participants ( n = 25) with little musical training undergo a graded maximal exercise test (GXT) to determine their cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak) and maximum power output (Wmax). In a subsequent session, participants practiced a piano melody (skill acquisition) and were randomly assigned to a single bout of HIIT or LIIT. Retention of the piano melody was tested 1 hour, 1 day, and 1 week after skill acquisition. We also evaluated transfer to learning a new melody 1 week after acquisition. Pitch and rhythm accuracy were analyzed with linear mixed-effects modeling. HIIT did not enhance sequence-specific retention of pitch or rhythmic elements of the piano melody, but there was modest evidence that HIIT facilitated transfer to learning a new melody. We tentatively conclude that HIIT enhances explicit, task-general motor consolidation.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times