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High-Performance Dental Adhesives Containing an Ether-Based Monomer.

Authors
  • Yamauchi, S1, 2, 3
  • Wang, X1
  • Egusa, H2
  • Sun, J1
  • 1 Volpe Research Center, American Dental Association Foundation, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
  • 2 Division of Molecular and Regenerative Prosthodontics, Graduate School of Dentistry, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan. , (Japan)
  • 3 Department of Dental Biomaterials, School of Dentistry at Matsudo, Nihon University, Matsudo, Japan. , (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of dental research
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2020
Volume
99
Issue
2
Pages
189–195
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/0022034519895269
PMID: 31861961
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Dental adhesives are vital for the success of dental restorations. The objective of this study is to make strong and durable dental adhesives that are free from 2 symbolic methacrylate-based dental resins-2-bis[4-(2-hydroxy-3-methacryl-oxypropoxy)-phenyl]-propane (Bis-GMA) and 2-hydroxyethyl-methacrylate (HEMA)-and have equivalent/improved bonding strength and durability. We formulated, prepared, and evaluated 2 dental adhesives using mixtures of a hydrolytically stable ether-based monomer, triethylene glycol divinylbenzyl ether (TEG-DVBE), with urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) or pyromellitic glycerol dimethacrylate. These adhesives were composed of equimolar ester-/ether-based vinyl functional groups. They were compared with Bis-GMA/HEMA-based commercial and experimental dental adhesives in terms of shear bond strength and microtensile bond strength (µTBS) to human dentin and the µTBS bond stability under extended thermocycling challenges. In addition, the resins' infiltration to dentin tubules, mechanical performance, and chemical properties were assessed by scanning electron microscopy, ISO standard flexural strength and modulus measurements, contact angle measurements, and water sorption/solubility measurements. The hybrid TEG-DVBE-containing dental adhesives generated equivalent shear bond strength and µTBS in comparison with the controls. Significantly, these adhesives outperformed the controls after being challenged by 10,000 thermocycles between 5 °C and 55 °C. Water contact angle measurements suggested that the hybrid dental adhesives were relatively more hydrophobic than the Bis-GMA/HEMA controls. However, both TEG-DVBE-containing adhesives developed more and deeper resin tags in dentin tubules and formed thicker hybrid layers at the composite-dentin interface. Furthermore, the water solubility of UDMA/TEG-DVBE resins was reduced approximately 89% in comparison with the Bis-GMA/HEMA controls. The relatively hydrophobic adhesives that achieved equivalent/enhanced bonding performance suggest great potentials in developing dental restoration with extended service life. Furthermore, the TEG-DVBE-containing materials may find wider dental applications and broader utility in medical device development.

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