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High-order accurate direct numerical simulation of flow over a MTU-T161 low pressure turbine blade

Authors
  • Iyer, AS
  • Abe, Y
  • Vermeire, BC
  • Bechlars, P
  • Baier, RD
  • Jameson, A
  • Witherden, FD
  • Vincent, P
Publication Date
Apr 23, 2021
Source
Spiral - Imperial College Digital Repository
Keywords
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations and wind tunnel testing have become the go-to tools for industrial design of Low-Pressure Turbine (LPT) blades. However, there is also an emerging interest in use of scale-resolving simulations, including Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS). These could generate insight and data to underpin development of improved RANS models for LPT design. Additionally, they could underpin a virtual LPT wind tunnel capability, that is cheaper, quicker, and more data-rich than experiments. The current study applies PyFR, a Python based Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) solver, to fifth-order accurate petascale DNS of compressible flow over a three-dimensional MTU-T161 LPT blade with diverging end walls at a Reynolds number of 200, 000 on an unstructured mesh with over 11 billion degrees-of-freedom per equation. Various flow metrics, including isentropic Mach number distribution at mid-span, surface shear, and wake pressure losses are compared with available experimental data and found to be in agreement. Subsequently, a more detailed analysis of various flow features is presented. These include the separation/transition processes on both the suction and pressure sides of the blade, end-wall vortices, and wake evolution at various span-wise locations. The results, which constitute one of the largest and highest-fidelity CFD simulations ever conducted, demonstrate the potential of high-order accurate GPU-accelerated CFD as a tool for delivering industrial DNS of LPT blades.

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