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A highly thermotolerant laccase produced by Cerrena unicolor strain CGMCC 5.1011 for complete and stable malachite green decolorization

Authors
  • Yao, Yanhua1
  • Zhou, Guimei1
  • Lin, Yonghui2
  • Xu, Xinqi1
  • Yang, Jie1
  • 1 Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350116, China , Fuzhou (China)
  • 2 GRG Metrology & Test Fuzhou Co., Ltd, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350003, China , Fuzhou (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
AMB Express
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication Date
Oct 02, 2020
Volume
10
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s13568-020-01118-z
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Laccases are a class of multi-copper oxidases with important industrial values. A thermotolerant laccase produced by a basidiomycete fungal strain Cerrena unicolor CGMCC 5.1011 was studied. With glycerin and peptone as the carbon and nitrogen sources, respectively, a maximal laccase activity of 121.7 U/mL was attained after cultivation in the shaking flask for 15 days. Transcriptomics analysis revealed an expressed laccase gene family of 12 members in C. unicolor strain CGMCC 5.1011, and the gene and cDNA sequences were cloned. A glycosylated laccase was purified from the fermentation broth of Cerrena unicolor CGMCC 5.1011 and corresponded to Lac2 based on MALDI-TOF MS/MS identification. Lac2 was stable at pH 5.0 and above, and was resistant to organic solvents. Lac2 displayed remarkable thermostability, with half-life time of 1.67 h at 70 ºC. Consistently, Lac2 was able to completely decolorize malachite green (MG) at high temperatures, whereas Lac7 from Cerrena sp. HYB07 resulted in accumulation of colored MG transformation intermediates. Molecular dynamics simulation of Lac2 was conducted, and possible mechanisms underlying Lac2 thermostability were discussed. The robustness of C. unicolor CGMCC 5.1011 laccase would not only be useful for industrial applications, but also provide a template for future work to develop thermostable laccases.

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