Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Highly efficient hyperbranched CNT surfactants: influence of molar mass and functionalization.

Authors
  • Bertels, Ellen
  • Bruyninckx, Kevin
  • Kurttepeli, Mert
  • Smet, Mario
  • Bals, Sara
  • Goderis, Bart
Type
Published Article
Journal
Langmuir
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Publication Date
Oct 21, 2014
Volume
30
Issue
41
Pages
12200–12209
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1021/la503032g
PMID: 25245778
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

End-group-functionalized hyperbranched polymers were synthesized to act as a carbon nanotube (CNT) surfactant in aqueous solutions. Variation of the percentage of triphenylmethyl (trityl) functionalization and of the molar mass of the hyperbranched polyglycerol (PG) core resulted in the highest measured surfactant efficiency for a 5000 g/mol PG with 5.6% of the available hydroxyl end-groups replaced by trityl functions, as shown by UV-vis measurements. Semiempirical model calculations suggest an even higher efficiency for PG5000 with 2.5% functionalization and maximal molecule specific efficiency in general at low degrees of functionalization. Addition of trityl groups increases the surfactant-nanotube interactions in comparison to unfunctionalized PG because of π-π stacking interactions. However, at higher functionalization degrees mutual interactions between trityl groups come into play, decreasing the surfactant efficiency, while lack of water solubility becomes an issue at very high functionalization degrees. Low molar mass surfactants are less efficient compared to higher molar mass species most likely because the higher bulkiness of the latter allows for a better CNT separation and stabilization. The most efficient surfactant studied allowed dispersing 2.85 mg of CNT in 20 mL with as little as 1 mg of surfactant. These dispersions, remaining stable for at least 2 months, were mainly composed of individual CNTs as revealed by electron microscopy.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times