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High-intensity interval training (HIIT) alleviated NAFLD feature via miR-122 induction in liver of high-fat high-fructose diet induced diabetic rats.

Authors
  • Kalaki-Jouybari, Fatemeh1
  • Shanaki, Mehrnoosh1
  • Delfan, Maryam2
  • Gorgani-Firouzjae, Sattar3
  • Khakdan, Soheyla1
  • 1 Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, School of Allied Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 2 Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 3 Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, School of Allied Health Medicine, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , (Iran)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Archives of physiology and biochemistry
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2020
Volume
126
Issue
3
Pages
242–249
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/13813455.2018.1510968
PMID: 30318957
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Background: Exercise intervention is strongly recommended to manage metabolic diseases. In this study, we investigate, whether HIIT and CET can induce hepatic miR-122 expression, NAFLD rats with diabetes.Methods: 40 Wistar rats divided into 2 groups, non-diabetic (NDC) and diabetic .Type 2 diabetes was induced by high-fat high-fructose diet (HFHFD). Then diabetic rats were subdivided into three groups: diabetic control (HFHFD + DC), CET (HFHFD + CET), and HIIT (HFHFD + HIIT). After eight weeks of exercise on a rodent treadmill, we measured miR-122 and its target genes expression in the liver of rats.Results: HIIT decreased the expression of FAS, ACC, SREBP-1c compared with HFHFD + DC (p = .004, p = .032, p = .043, respectively), and could partially increase miR-122 expression as compared with HFHFD + DC (26.8%, p = .68).Conclusions: Exercise training could be a non-pharmacological intervention for improvement of NAFLD of diabetic rats by induction of miR-122. HIIT had a greater effect on NAFLD amelioration than CET.

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