To assess the birthweight of neonates conceived after fresh and frozen embryo transfers (FET) and, if different, to investigate whether estradiol levels during the late follicular phase were associated with the observed difference. Singleton pregnancies from fresh and FET transfers between January 1990 and December 2013 were compared retrospectively. A total of 2885 singleton pregnancies after fresh embryo transfer and 746 after FET were analyzed. Obstetric and neonatal outcomes were compared between fresh and FET cycles. The singletons born after FET were found to have a significantly higher birth weight (3313 g), compared to those born after fresh embryo transfer (3143 g); p < .001. The main predictor of this difference was found to be estradiol levels at the end of the follicular phase. The difference in birthweight was inversely correlated to estradiol levels considering all cycles together but also considering fresh and frozen cycles separately. Our study demonstrates a link between high estradiol levels and low birth weight of singletons after IVF both in fresh and frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles. It provides additional support to the involvement of hyperestrogenemia in the process of implantation and on the subsequent fetal development.