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High-efficiency glycolysis of poly(ethylene terephthalate) by sandwich-structure polyoxometalate catalyst with two active sites

Authors
  • Fang, Pengtao
  • Liu, Bo
  • Xu, Junli
  • Zhou, Qing
  • Zhang, Suojiang
  • Ma, Junying
  • Lu, Xingmei
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2018
Source
Institutional Repository of Institute of Process Engineering, CAS (IPE-IR)
Keywords
License
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Abstract

Catalyst in the process on glycolysis of poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET) wastes is a significant critical factor, which determine the efficiency and the cost of PET degradation. In this study, a kind of transition- metal-substituted polyoxometalates (POMs) Na-12 [WZnM2(H2O)(2)(ZnW9O34)(2)] =(M = Zn2+, Mn2+, Co2+, Cu2+, Ni2+) which have a sandwich-structure and more than two transition metal active sites show excellent catalytic performance in the glycolysis of PET under mild conditions. We investigated the effects of temperature, reaction time and catalyst amount on PET degradation and obtained the glycolysis optimal conditions. The PET could be fast and completely degraded at 190 degrees C for 40 min with low catalyst/PET molar ratio (0.018%) and high PET/Ethylene Glycol (EG) weight ratio (1:4), and the yield of bis(hydroxyethyl) terephthalate (BHET) is higher than 84.5%. After four-times recycling, the conversion of PET and the yield of BHET can still reach 100% and 84.5%. The exact structure of POMs Na-12 [WZnM2(H2O)(2)(ZnW9O34)(2)] is confirmed by Single Crystal X-ray Diffraction (SC-XRD). Compared with traditional heteropolyacid catalysts, this catalyst possessed of at least two transition metal active sites, which lead to its an excellent catalytic capacity. The possible coordination activates mechanism for PET glycolysis is also proposed. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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