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High Leptospira seroprevalence in captive and wild-caught vervet monkeys ( Chlorocebus sabeus) on the Caribbean island of Saint Kitts.

Authors
  • Rajeev, Sreekumari1, 2, 3
  • Conan, Anne1, 2, 3
  • Pratt, Nicola1, 2, 3
  • Beierschmitt, Amy1, 2, 3
  • Palmour, Roberta1, 2, 3
  • 1 Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Saint Kitts (Rajeev, Conan, Pratt, Beierschmit).
  • 2 McGill University, Montreal, Canada (Palmour). , (Canada)
  • 3 Behavioral Science Foundation, Saint Kitts (Palmour, Beierschmit).
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2017
Volume
29
Issue
6
Pages
930–934
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1040638717724838
PMID: 28782434
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease of global importance. Very little information is available on Leptospira infection in nonhuman primates. We report herein a high seroprevalence (49.4%; 95% confidence interval: 41.6-57.2%) to Leptospira serovars in vervet monkeys ( Chlorocebus sabeus) on the Caribbean island of Saint Kitts. Monkeys bred in captivity ( n = 81) had a significantly higher seroprevalence compared to wild-caught monkeys ( n = 81; p < 0.05). Seroprevalence to serovar Bataviae was significantly higher in monkeys bred in captivity and was higher to serovar Bratislava in wild-caught monkeys ( p < 0.05). Our data confirm that exposure to various Leptospira serovars and seroconversion occurs in wild and captive vervet monkeys on the Caribbean island of Saint Kitts. Further studies are warranted to better understand epidemiology, transmission, pathology, and possible reservoir status in this species.

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