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High dose Nitrate ingestion does not improve 40 km cycling time trial performance in trained cyclists.

Authors
  • Mosher, S L1
  • Gough, L A2
  • Deb, S3
  • Saunders, B4
  • Mc Naughton, L R1
  • Brown, D R1
  • Sparks, S A1
  • 1 Sports Performance and Nutrition Group, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, UK.
  • 2 School of Health Sciences, Birmingham City University, Birmingham, UK.
  • 3 Department of Life Science, Westminster University, London, United Kingdom. , (United Kingdom)
  • 4 Applied Physiology & Nutrition Research Group, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. , (Brazil)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Research in sports medicine (Print)
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Volume
28
Issue
1
Pages
138–146
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/15438627.2019.1586707
PMID: 30849239
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study evaluated the chronic effects of nitrate (NO3-) ingestion over three days, on 40 km TT performance in 11trained cyclists (VO2max: 60.8 ± 7.4 ml.kg-1.min-1; age: 36 ± 9 years; height: 1.80 ± 0.06 m; body mass: 87.2 ± 12.0 kg). Utilising a double-blind randomised cross-over design, participants completed three 40 km TT on a Velotron® ergometer following the ingestion of either a 140 ml of "BEET It sport®" NO3- shot containing 12.8 mmol or 800 mg of NO3-, a placebo drink or nothing (control). Performance, oxygen consumption (VO2), blood bicarbonate (HCO3-), pH and lactate (BLa) and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were measured every 10 km throughout the TT. The present findings show that NO3- ingestion had no effect on TT performance (NO3-: 4098.0 ± 209.8 vs. Placebo: 4161.9 ± 263.3 s, p = 0.296, ES = 0.11), or VO2 (p = 0.253, ES = 0.13). Similarly, blood lactate and RPE were also unaffected by the experimental conditions (p = 0.522, ES = 0.06; p = 0.085, ES = 0.30) respectively. Therefore, these results suggest that a high dose of NO3- over three days has limited efficacy as an ergogenic aid for 40 km TT cycling performance in trained cyclists.

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