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A high boronate avidity monolithic capillary for the selective enrichment of trace glycoproteins.

Authors
  • Li, Daojin
  • Li, Yang
  • Li, Xinglin
  • Bie, Zijun
  • Pan, Xianghua
  • Zhang, Qian
  • Liu, Zhen
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Chromatography A
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Mar 06, 2015
Volume
1384
Pages
88–96
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2015.01.050
PMID: 25638264
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Boronate affinity materials, as effective sample enrichment sorbents for glycoproteomic analysis, have attracted increasing attention in recent years. However, most of boronate affinity materials suffer from an apparent limitation, limited binding strength. As a result, extraction of glycoproteins of trace concentration is rather difficult or impossible. In this study, we present a high boronate avidity monolithic capillary. Branched polyethyleneimine (PEI) was used as a scaffold to amplify the number of boronic acid moieties. While 2,4-difluoro-3-formyl-phenylboronic acid (DFFPBA), which exhibited ultrahigh affinity toward cis-diol-containing compounds, was employed as an affinity ligand. Due to the PEI-assisted synergistic multivalent binding, the monolithic column exhibited high boronate avidity toward glycoproteins, with binding constants of 10(-6)-10(-7)M. Such binding strength was the highest among already reported boronic acid-functionalized materials that can be used for glycoproteomic analysis. Besides, the boronate avidity monolithic column exhibited one additional beneficial feature, lowered binding pH (≥6.5). These features greatly favored the selective enrichment of trace glycoproteins from real samples. The feasibility for practical applications was demonstrated with the selective enrichment of trace glycoproteins in human saliva. As compared with other boronate avidity/affinity materials, the boronate avidity monolithic capillary exhibited the best performance.

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