Affordable Access

High affinity binding site for nuclear factor I next to the hepatitis B virus S gene promoter.

  • Y Shaul
  • R Ben-Levy
  • T De-Medina
Publication Date
Aug 01, 1986
  • Biology
  • Medicine


The hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAG) is encoded by the S gene under the regulation of a promoter in the pre-S1 region. The S gene promoter does not contain a 'TATA' box-like sequence, but there is a sequence resembling, in part, the late promoter of Simian virus 40 (SV40). In an attempt to study the regulation of the S gene promoter we looked for cellular proteins which bind to this region. We report here that a nuclear protein is tightly bound to the HBV genome at a position approximately 190 bases upstream from the S gene promoter. Evidence is provided to show that (a) this nuclear protein is the nuclear factor I (NF-I) that was previously found to be bound to the inverted terminal repeat of the adenovirus (Ad) DNA and to enhance Ad DNA replication in vitro and (b) this NF-I binding site is required for optimal activity of the S gene promoter.

Report this publication


Seen <100 times