Hybrid F1 mice derived from inbred parental mouse strains are extensively used as animal models of human autoimmune diseases and transplantation. It is generally believed that with regard to immunologic studies, hybrid F1 mice behave in a consistent manner, equivalent to any other inbred mouse strain. In this study, we report that in comparison to inbred parental strains, individual hybrid F1 mice revealed a broad heterogeneity of proliferative response to the immunodominant determinants within hen eggwhite lysozyme (HEL). Of five parental strains tested, individual mice of three strains responding to only a few dominant HEL determinants (B6, BALB/c, and B10.PL) showed quite homogeneous patterns of response, whereas two mouse strains responsive to several determinants of HEL revealed either relative homogeneity (CBA/J mice) or heterogeneity (SJL mice) of response. However, in SJL mice, responses to major, dominant determinants of HEL were quite consistent. On the contrary, regardless of the consistency of response of parental strains, all three of F1 mice [[B6 x BALB/c]F1, [B6 x CBA/J]F1, and [SJL x B10.PL]F1] revealed significantly greater heterogeneity of response, which even involved the major, dominant determinants of HEL. We attribute the above heterogeneity of response to the competitive as well as aleatory nature of the interaction between various factors, including the coexistence of different MHC (parental as well as hybrid MHC) molecules, determinant capture, and the T cell repertoire. These results have important implications for studies on autoimmunity, infection, and vaccine design in human populations, where heterozygosity is the norm rather than the exception.