We have previously shown that elevated expression of Hes1 contributes to blast crisis transition in Bcr-Abl-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia. Here we investigate whether Hes1 is involved in the development of other myeloid neoplasms. Notably, Hes1 expression was elevated only in a few cases out of 65 samples with different types of myeloid neoplasms. Interestingly, elevated expression of Hes1 was found in two out of five samples of Fip1-like1-platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (FIP1L1-PDGFA)-positive myeloid neoplasms associated with eosinophilia. Whereas FIP1L1-PDGFRα alone induced acute T-cell leukemia or myeloproliferative neoplasms in mouse bone marrow transplantation (BMT) models, mice transplanted with BM cells expressing both Hes1 and FIP1L1-PDGFRα developed acute leukemia characterized by an expansion of myeloid blasts and leukemic cells without eosinophilic granules. FIP1L1-PDGFRα conferred cytokine-independent growth to Hes1-transduced common myeloid progenitors (CMPs), IL-3-dependent cells. Imatinib inhibited the growth of CMPs expressing Hes1 with FIP1L1-PDGFRα, but not with imatinib-resistant FIP1L1-PDGFRα mutants harboring T674I or D842V. In contrast, ponatinib efficiently eradicated leukemic cells expressing Hes1 and the imatinib-resistant FLP1L1-PDGFRΑ mutant in vitro and in vivo. Thus, we have established mouse models of FIP1L1-PDGFRA-positive leukemia in myeloid blast crisis, which will help elucidate the pathogenesis of the disease and develop a new treatment for it.