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On Herman's positive entropy conjecture

  • Berger, P
  • Turaev, D
Publication Date
Feb 06, 2019
UPCommons. Portal del coneixement obert de la UPC


We show that any area-preserving Cr-diffeomorphism of a two-dimensional surface displaying an elliptic fixed point can be Cr-perturbed to one exhibiting a chaotic island whose metric entropy is positive, for every 1≤r≤∞. This proves a conjecture of Herman stating that the identity map of the disk can be C∞-perturbed to a conservative diffeomorphism with positive metric entropy. This implies also that the Chirikov standard map for large and small parameter values can be C∞-approximated by a conservative diffeomorphisms displaying a positive metric entropy (a weak version of Sinai's positive metric entropy conjecture). Finally, this sheds light onto a Herman's question on the density of Cr-conservative diffeomorphisms displaying a positive metric entropy: we show the existence of a dense set formed by conservative diffeomorphisms which either are weakly stable (so, conjecturally, uniformly hyperbolic) or display a chaotic island of positive metric entropy.

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