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Hereditary adult-onset Alexander's disease with palatal myoclonus, spastic paraparesis, and cerebellar ataxia.

Authors
  • Schwankhaus, J D
  • Parisi, J E
  • Gulledge, W R
  • Chin, L
  • Currier, R D
Type
Published Article
Journal
Neurology
Publication Date
Dec 01, 1995
Volume
45
Issue
12
Pages
2266–2271
Identifiers
PMID: 8848205
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We describe a progressive neurologic disorder in three sisters characterized clinically by palatal myoclonus, spastic weakness, hyperreflexia, mild cerebellar dysfunction, and ocular motor abnormalities. Postmortem examination of one patient demonstrated widespread Rosenthal fiber deposition associated with demyelination. The father previously was reported to have similar pathologic findings and carried a clinical diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. These clinical and pathologic findings describe a rare familial leukodystrophy that corresponds most closely to cases reported as adult Alexander's disease. Although similar pathologically to the well-characterized infantile variant of Alexander's disease, it is not known whether this adult variant represents the same disease process.

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