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Hepatitis C virus is not recoverable from liver tissue in cryptogenic cirrhosis: failure to identify hepatitis C virus-RNA using reverse transcription-mediated polymerase chain reaction.

Authors
  • Geller, S A
  • Nichols, W S
  • Rojter, S E
  • Chan, R C
  • Petrovic, L M
  • Vierling, J M
  • Makowka, L
Type
Published Article
Journal
Human Pathology
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Nov 01, 1996
Volume
27
Issue
11
Pages
1161–1165
Identifiers
PMID: 8912825
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been used to study liver biopsy tissue in patients with known or suspected hepatitis C virus (HCV). Recent studies of cryptogenic cirrhosis using PCR have been based on study of sera, and HCV has not been shown. The failure to show HCV in patients so studied has left unanswered the question of whether or not patients with cryptogenic cirrhosis could still harbor the virus in the liver. The authors studied liver tissue, obtained at the time of orthopic liver transplantation from 10 patients clinically diagnosed as having end-stage liver disease without demonstrable origin, so-called cryptogenic cirrhosis, using reverse transcription (RT)-PCR to try to recover HCV-RNA. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue was used. For comparison, the authors also studied similarly obtained samples from 10 patients with typical hepatitis C-associated cirrhosis and 10 patients with end-stage liver disease resulting from autoimmune hepatitis. The authors recovered HCV-RNA from 9 of 10 livers from patients with cirrhosis resulting from HCV, and 3 of 10 livers from patients with autoimmune hepatitis. HCV-RNA was not recovered from any of the livers of the 10 patients designated as having cryptogenic cirrhosis.

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