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Hemodynamic effects of antiarrhythmic drugs in acute myocardial infarction.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Giornale italiano di cardiologia
Publication Date
Volume
14
Issue
10
Pages
762–767
Identifiers
PMID: 6519385
Source
Medline

Abstract

The hemodynamic effects induced by an i.v. administration of Amiodarone (5 mg/Kg in 10 min + continuous infusion of 0.6 mg/min for 4-40 hrs), Propafenone (1-2 mg/Kg in 5 min + continuous infusion of 10-15 mcg/Kg/min for 24 hrs) and Mexiletine (250 mg in 15 min + 250 mg in 1 hr) have been evaluated in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by sinus tachycardia and hyperdynamic pattern, ventricular or supraventricular arrhythmias. The hemodynamic serial determinations have been comprehensive of: heart rate; systolic, diastolic and mean pressure; central venous pressure; arterial and wedge pulmonary pressure; cardiac output and cardiac index; vascular systemic resistences; left ventricular stroke work index; left ventricular mean ejection rate; double and triple product. In all of the three groups we observed: a reduction of cardiac index associated with an increase of left and right ventricular filling pressure and a reduction either of left ventricular stroke work index and left ventricular mean ejection rate; these hemodynamic changes were less significant after Mexiletine than after Amiodarone or Propafenone. These data confirm the negative inotropic effect of the three drugs; anyhow, these changes are usually well tolerated by patients affected by AMI with a sufficiently preserved ventricular function. The authors, however, reccommend an accurate hemodynamic monitoring of the effects of the drugs also to identify patients with a not overt ventricular failure which may become manifest after drug administration.

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