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Helium nanodroplets and trapped Bose-Einstein condensates as prototypes of finite quantum fluids

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Preprint
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DOI: 10.1063/1.1424926
arXiv ID: cond-mat/0107027
Source
arXiv
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Abstract

Helium nanodroplets and trapped Bose-Einstein condensates in dilute atomic gases offer complementary views of fundamental aspects of quantum many-body systems. We discuss analogies and differences, stressing their common theoretical background and peculiar features. We briefly review some relevant concepts, such as the meaning of superfluidity in finite systems, the behavior of elementary excitations and collective modes, as well as rotational properties and quantized vorticity.

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