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The Hedgehog Signalling Pathway in Cell Migration and Guidance: What We Have Learned from Drosophila melanogaster.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cancers
Publication Date
Volume
7
Issue
4
Pages
2012–2022
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/cancers7040873
PMID: 26445062
Source
Medline
Keywords
  • Drosophila Melanogaster
  • Cell Migration
  • Guidance
  • Hedgehog
  • Patched

Abstract

Cell migration and guidance are complex processes required for morphogenesis, the formation of tumor metastases, and the progression of human cancer. During migration, guidance molecules induce cell directionality and movement through complex intracellular mechanisms. Expression of these molecules has to be tightly regulated and their signals properly interpreted by the receiving cells so as to ensure correct navigation. This molecular control is fundamental for both normal morphogenesis and human disease. The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is evolutionarily conserved and known to be crucial for normal cellular growth and differentiation throughout the animal kingdom. The relevance of Hh signaling for human disease is emphasized by its activation in many cancers. Here, I review the current knowledge regarding the involvement of the Hh pathway in cell migration and guidance during Drosophila development and discuss its implications for human cancer origin and progression.

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