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Heat-treated factor VIII/von Willebrand factor concentrate in platelet-type von Willebrand's disease.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Haemostasis
Publication Date
Volume
17
Issue
6
Pages
353–360
Identifiers
PMID: 3123334
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Cryoprecipitate has proved to correct the hemostatic defects in von Willebrand's disease (vWD) and platelet-type vWD. However, recent studies have revealed that transmission of the AIDS retrovirus (HIV) occurs through exposure to blood products including cryoprecipitate. Treatment with heat-treated factor VIII/von Willebrand factor (vWf) concentrates may have certain advantages over treatment with nonheated products, if these preparations are efficacious in these disorders. We found that a commercially available factor VIII/vWf concentrate, Haemate P, contained the high-molecular-weight multimers of vWf and had a ratio of ristocetin cofactor (RCof) to vWf antigen (vWf:Ag) close to unity. In addition, its capacity to directly induce aggregation of platelet-type vWD platelets in vitro was similar to that for cryoprecipitate. When infused into a patient with platelet-type vWD, Haemate P shortened the prolonged bleeding time and caused spontaneous platelet aggregation in vitro with a mild diminution of platelet count. These results indicate that some of the heat-treated factor VIII/vWf concentrates may provide a safer, yet still effective, treatment for platelet-type vWD.

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