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[Heat denaturation of crystalline and dissolved leghemoglobin].

Authors
  • Makarov, A A
  • Mgeladze, G N
  • Monaselidze, D R
  • Boianov, A I
  • Platonov, A L
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biofizika
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1979
Volume
24
Issue
6
Pages
977–984
Identifiers
PMID: 508837
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Heat transitions in crystals of leghemoglobin (LH) are studied by means of scanning microcalorimetry and microscopy. It has been found that LH crystals do not melt and their loss of crystal lattice is due to the denaturation of protein globules inside the crystal. Peculiarities of the crystal state (as compared to the solution) are shown in an increase in the cooperative character of heat transition and relaxation time of the system. Subsequent consideration of different variants of correlation of two stages of heat absorption by LH crystals made it possible to determine the type of physical process proceeding in the object by the shape of calorimetric curve. Both observed peaks of heat absorption were grouped with intramolecular processes of different thermodynamic properties. The first peak of heat absorption is a manifestation of intramolecular mobility, both of individual protein segments in relation to each other and of individual segments of alpha-helical regions. Thus microcalorimetry allows a study of peculiar intramolecular dynamics of globular proteins precisely in the crystal state, because the crystal as if synchronizes the movement of individual molecules at the expense of the unification of their kinetic energy, surroundings and mutual orientation.

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