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Hair whorl patterns on the bovine forehead may be related to breeding soundness measures.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Theriogenology
0093-691X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
62
Issue
3-4
Pages
450–457
Identifiers
PMID: 15226001
Source
Medline

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine if there is an association between facial hair whorl patterns on the bovine forehead and sperm morphology. Breeding soundness exams were conducted on 219 yearling bulls at three Colorado State University facilities. There were 150 Angus bulls and the remaining bulls were of several different breeds. Hair whorl patterns on the forehead were classified as round or nonround epicenters. Angus bulls with round epicenters had a higher percentage of morphologically normal spermatozoa compared to nonround epicenters (P < 0.05). Hair whorls on Angus bulls were sorted into two extreme groups of round spirals, with rotation or long lines that were longer than the width of the eyes. Bulls with round spirals had a greater percentage of normal spermatozoa compared to bulls with long lines (P < 0.05). Hair whorl pattern on Angus bulls also had an effect on the percentage of bulls that had the minimum threshold value of 70% normal spermatozoa. Eighty percent of Angus bulls with round epicenters had > 70% or more normal spermatozoa compared to 59% with a nonround epicenter (P < 0.01). Fifty percent of Angus bulls with long lines failed because they had < 70% normal spermatozoa. There were no significant differences in the remaining non-Angus bulls. Hair whorl patterns may be useful for making early culling decisions.

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