Significance: Hair follicles are complex miniorgans that reside in the dermal layer of the skin. When the skin is wounded, epidermal stem cells in the hair follicle activate and start migrating into the wound site, differentiating into epidermal cells. and contributing to the reepithelialization of the wound. The hair follicles represent the deepest epidermal elements in the skin, which are extremely beneficial in partial-thickness burns and abrasions where the skin can regenerate from the hair follicles. Recent Advances: Advanced animal models have demonstrated that the contribution of epidermal stem cells in the hair follicle bulge and isthmus regions is important for wound healing. In addition, several clinical studies have shown successful harvesting and transplantation of hair follicles as a treatment modality to accelerate wound healing. Critical Issues: Deep and large wounds require hospitalization and, without exception, surgical treatment. Harvesting and direct transplantation of hair follicles could provide a great source of autologous epidermal stem cells for wound healing. The procedure can be done in an outpatient setting, quickly and without creating a large donor site wound. Future Directions: Transplantation of hair follicles in a combination with novel biomaterials could provide advantageous treatment possibilities for both chronic wounds and burns. There is a substantial amount of molecular signaling data available on the role of hair follicles during wound repair, but almost all the data are derived from rodent models, and thus, more information from large animals and most importantly from humans would be beneficial and help to advance this promising treatment further.